The most common type of skin cancer in Australia is melanoma, which can cause serious skin damage, including loss of hair and the loss of a finger.
Melanoma skin cancer is more common in males than females, with about 5,500 new cases recorded each year.
There are also rare cancers such as non-melanoma sarcoma and melanoma-associated sarcomas (MAS), which are caused by the same genes.
The melanoma disease that kills more than one million Australians each year is called squamous cell carcinoma, or squamous-cell carcinoma of unknown etiology.
MALAs are spread through skin contact and have been linked to other cancers, including basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
The disease has been curbed in recent years by new therapies, including gene therapy and surgical-fibre-based approaches.
The new Australian data from Cancer Inc. shows that there are about 10,000 more people with squamous cells in the population than there are people with basal cell and non, so it’s a worrying statistic.
Mature men are more likely to have squamous cancer than younger men, according to the latest data from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).
The latest data also shows that, of the 4,700 people diagnosed with squamos at a median age of 42, about half (4,200) are men and women.
Women are slightly more likely than men to have cancer, with a higher proportion of women diagnosed with basal cells (39 per cent versus 30 per cent) and melanomas (30 per cent vs 24 per cent).
Men have the highest proportion of cases of squamous skin cancer, at 7,300.
The highest incidence of squamous-cell cancer is in people over the age of 55, with 7,100 new cases in the age group.
In contrast, the highest incidence is in younger people aged between 10 and 24 years, with 5,300 new cases.
The incidence of basal cell cancer is lower in people under the age.
However, there are a number of factors that can make people more likely, such as smoking, alcohol consumption and high blood pressure.
In recent years, the number of people with non-malignant squamous cysts has increased.
Non-malignancies of squamy cells are found in more areas than malignancies, which is one reason that the disease is still so rare.